By the early 2000's the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) population had declined to less than 100 individuals, and the species was listed as Critically Endangered. Due to a huge collaborative effort by many European partners via an intensive breeding and re-introduction program, the Iberian Lynx populations recovered to over 150 individuals by 2012 and the status was later upgraded to Endangered. Nevertheless there is still much conservation effort required to prevent such a small population from easily falling into decline again.
Key Facts about Iberian Lynxes
~ Critically Endangered until recently ~
~ Dependent on European rabbits ~
~ Endemic to the Iberian Peninsula ~
Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) Classification
The Iberian Lynx species belongs to the genus Lynx and the full taxonomy or scientific classification is:
Kingdom: Animalia (animals)
Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates)
Class: Mammalia (mammals)
Order: Carnivora (carnivores)
Suborder: Feliformia (cat-like)
Family: Felidae (cats)
Subfamily: Felinae (small cats)
Species: Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)
The scientific name for the Iberian Lynx or Spanish Lynx, is Lynx pardinus; which is also known as the binomial name, species name, latin name, biological name or zoological name.
Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) Subspecies
The Iberian Lynx has historically been recognized as a monotypic species (no subspecies) and this is still the case as per the last Felidae taxonomy revision in 2017.
Iberian Lynx Conservation
The global conservation status of the Iberian Lynx is currently Endangered (EN), although previously it was one of the most endangered cats at a status of Critically Endangered (CR). A number of partners were involved in bringing back the Iberian Lynx from declining towards certain extinction. These partners continue to work at ensuring the Iberian Lynx populations survive and expand in spite of difficult conservation challenges.
Please support these organizations with their important work if you can. No matter the size of your contribution, every bit helps!
Iberian Lynx Facts and Information
The following websites have well researched and authoritative information on the Iberian Lynx (although some may still show the status as Critically Endangered):
- Iberian Lynx Status and Distribution Map - IUCN Red List
- Iberian Lynx Detailed Information - IUCN Cat Specialist Group
- Iberian Lynx Academic Literature pdf - IUCN Cat Specialist Group
Iberian Lynx Documentaries and Videos
These documentaries and video clips about the Iberian or Spanish Lynx are all freely available on YouTube.
Apologies in advance if any links are broken, as videos are removed from time to time. In this case, just search for the video title to find if it is available elsewhere.
*Year published on YouTube if not given in the video.