The strange looking Jaguarundi (Herpailurus or Puma yagouaroundi) ranges across Mexico, Central and South America and is now  considered extinct in the southern United States. Previously described with a number of subspecies, partly due to its different coat colors, recent DNA studies show the Jaguarundi is in fact a monotypic species. As with most wild cats, habitat loss and fragmentation due to clearing of land for farming are the major threats, and studies show the cat is far less common than previously reported.
Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) - Puma Lineage
Puma yaguarondi (Prague Zoo) by Bodlina (GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0) via Wikimedia Commons

Unique Facts about Jaguarundis

~ Body shape similar to weasels ~

~  Plain coat with red and dark color morphs ~

~ Active during the day time ~


Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) Classification

The Jaguarundi belongs to the genus Herpailurus (or Puma) and the full taxonomy, scientific classification or higher classification of the Jaguarundi species (Herpailurus yagouaroundi or Puma yaguaroundi) is as follows:

Kingdom: Animalia (animals)

Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates)

Class: Mammalia (mammals)

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

Suborder: Feliformia (cat-like)

Family: Felidae (cats)

Subfamily: Felinae (small cats)

Genus: Herpailurus or Puma

Species: Herpailurus yagouaroundi or Puma yaguaroundi (Jaguarundi)

Jaguarundi grey colour morph (Herpailurus yagouaroundi)

Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) Subspecies

Lower classification

Jaguarundis allogrooming red and grey colour morph (Puma yagouroundi)

The global conservation status for the Jaguarundi is Least Concern (LC) and populations are declining.

Up to eight subspecies of Jaguarundis have been described in the past:

  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi yagouaroundi
  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi ameghinoi
  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi cacomitli
  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi eyra
  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi fossata
  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi melantho
  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi panamensis
  • Herpailurus yagouaroundi tolteca

However according to the latest Felidae taxonomic revision (2017), recent DNA studies show no evidence to support these subspecies and the species is considered monotypic (no subspecies).

References:

Jaguarundi Conservation & Research

The following organizations are dedicated to research and conservation of the smaller cats of Latin America:

Please support these organizations with their important work. No matter how small or large your donation, every bit helps!

Past projects:

Jaguarundi kitten in tree roots (Puma yagouaroundi)

Jaguarundi resting on ground (Puma yagouaroundi)

Jaguarundi Facts and Information

The following websites have well researched and authoritative information on Jaguarundis:


Books on Neotropical Cats

Currently there is no publication in print dedicated to just the cats of Central and South America.

A book entitled Neotropical Cats by TG de Oliviera was published in 1994 however is no longer in print, and may be available in libraries or in used book stores.

The latest information on these cats can be found in books about all wild cats such as those below.

Neotropical Cats by TG de Oliveira 1994
Neotropical Cats by TG de Oliveira (1994) - Out of Print
Try AbeBooks ~ Book Review 1996

Wild Cats of the World - Luke Hunter 2015

Wild Cats of the World

by Luke Hunter 2015

(general and academic interest)

Amazon US (incl Kindle)

AbeBooks global

The Wild Cat Book - Sunquist 2014

The Wild Cat Book

by Fiona and Mel Sunquist 2014

(general interest)

Amazon US (incl Kindle)

AbeBooks global

Small Wild Cats - Sanderson and Watson 2011

Small Wild Cats

by J. Sanderson and P. Watson 2011

(general interest)

Amazon US (incl Kindle)

AbeBooks global