Serval (Leptailurus serval)
Leptailurus serval in Serengenti, Tanzania
By Self (Own work) [CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons

The Serval cat (Leptailurus serval) is a medium sized, spotted African wild cat, often confused with leopards and cheetahs due to their similar coat patterns and coloring. With its long legs and large ears the Serval is well adapted to hunt small rodents in grassland and wetlands; habitats which are under increasing threats due to loss and degradation. The Serval cat is well known in America as one of the exotic felines bred for the pet market.

Serval (Leptailurus serval) Classification

Serval cats are classed in their own genus Leptailurus and the full taxonomy or scientific classification of the Serval species is:

Kingdom: Animalia (animals)

Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates)

Class: Mammalia (mammals)

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

Suborder: Feliformia (cat-like)

Family: Felidae (cats)

Subfamily: Felinae (small cats)

Genus: Leptailurus

Species: Leptailurus serval (Serval)


L.s. serval

L.s. constantia

L.s. lipostictus


The scientific name for the Serval cat is Leptailurus serval which is also known as the binomial name, species name, latin name, biological name or zoological name. Some use the term 'botanical name' however that term is only applicable to the plant kingdom (botany) and not the animal kingdom (zoology).

African Serval Cat stickers, magnets and pins
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Classification Chart

This Serval classification chart shows where this cat fits into the Felidae family and in particular the Leptailurus genus.

African Serval Cat Classification Diagram
Click on the chart to download.
Permission to use for personal or educational use.

Serval (Leptailurus serval) Subspecies

Three subspecies of Serval were proposed by the last Felidae taxonomic revision in 2017, pending further research:

1. Southern Serval (Leptailurus serval serval) - Southern Africa

2. Eastern Serval (Leptailurus serval constantina) - West and Central Africa

3. Eastern Serval (Leptailurus serval lipostictus) - East Africa

Historically up to eighteen subspecies of Serval have been described.

Serval (Leptailurus serval) Research

Here are some papers published on Serval cats. Click on the title bar to view the abstract and the link to the article.

View more articles on Leptailurus serval in the IUCN Cat Specialist Group database (scroll down once the library page is loaded to see the list).

Consider joining the Friends of the Cat Specialist Group to access the full articles and receive their journal Cat News covering the latest wild cat research.

Map of Africa with Countries and Capitals

African Serval Cat Conservation

The Serval conservation status is Least Concern (LC) globally as the cat is widespread throughout sub-Saharan Africa. However, it is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) for the Mediterranean region due to regional extinctions in North Africa.

The following organizations are involved in wildlife conservation in Africa, and their efforts in securing wild habitat will help ensure the Serval cat's continued existence:

African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) - Serval

African Parks - Saving Wildlife

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Africa - Africa Conservation

Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT) - Carnivore Conservation

Please support these organizations with their important work if you can. No matter the size of your contribution, every bit helps!

Serval Facts and Information

The following organizations have well researched and authoritative information on Serval cats:

If you find this website useful, please consider a small contribution of $5 so I can continue to keep it updated. Thank you, Mandy 🙂