The small spotted Geoffroy's Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) is widespread and common throughout South America, however having once been the second most traded pelt after bobcats, it is still at risk from illegal poaching for the fur trade. There is also demand from the pet trade to interbreed Geoffroy's Cats with domestic cats to produce 'safari cats'. As with all the South American cats, clearing of natural forest habitat for farming is a major threat to their survival.
1. Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
2. Geoffroy’s Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)
3. Andean Cat (Leopardus jacobita)
4. Margay (Leopardus wiedii)
5. Pampas Cat (Leopardus colocola)
6. Northern Tiger Cat (Leopardus tigrinus)
7. Southern Tiger Cat (Leopardus guttulus)
8. Guiña or Kodkod (Leopardus guigna)
Facts about Geoffroy's Cats
~ Widespread & common in South America ~
~ Active on the ground, trees and in water ~
~ Historically second most traded cat pelt ~
Geoffroy's Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) Classification
The Geoffroy's Cat belongs to the genus Leopardus and the full taxonomy or scientific classification of the Geoffroy's Cat species is:
Kingdom: Animalia (animals)
Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates)
Class: Mammalia (mammals)
Order: Carnivora (carnivores)
Suborder: Feliformia (cat-like)
Family: Felidae (cats)
Subfamily: Felinae (small cats)
Species: Leopardus geoffroyi (Geoffroy's Cat)
The scientific name for the Geoffroy's Cat is Leopardus geoffroyi which is also known as the binomial name, species name, latin name, biological name or zoological name. Some use the term 'botanical name' however that term is only applicable to the plant kingdom (botany) and not the animal kingdom (zoology).
This Geoffroy's Cat classification chart shows where this cat fits into the Felidae family and in particular the Leopardus genus.
Geoffroy's Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) Subspecies
Four subspecies of Geoffroy's Cats have been recognized in the past:
- Leopardus geoffroyi geoffroyi - Central and south Argentina, Chile
- Leopardus geoffroyi salinarum - North-west Argentina
- Leopardus geoffroyi paraguae - Paraguay, Uruguay, north-east Argentina and south-east Brazil
- Leopardus geoffroyi euxanthus - Bolivia and north Argentina
However the last Felidae taxonomy revision in 2017 found insufficient genetic evidence for subspecies differentiation and proposed a monotypic species (no subspecies).
Geoffroy's Cat Conservation
The global conservation status for Geoffroy's Cats is Least Concern (LC) across all regions.
The following organizations are dedicated to research and conservation of the smaller cats of Latin America:
Institute Pro-Carnivores - Wild Cats of Brazil
Small Wild Cat Conservation Foundation - Global
Please support these organizations with their important work if you can. No matter the size of your contribution, every bit helps!
Geoffroy's Cat Facts and Information
These organizations have well researched and authoritative information on Geoffroy's Cats:
- Geoffroy's Cat Status and Distribution Map - IUCN Red List
- Geoffroy's Cat Detailed Information - IUCN Cat Specialist Group
- Geoffroy's Cat Academic Literature pdf - IUCN Cat Specialist Group
- Geoffroy's Cat Information - Int. Soc. for Endangered Cats (ISEC)
- Geoffroy's Cat Fact Sheet pdf - Wildscreen ARKive
Geoffroy's Cat Research
For a list of papers on Geoffroy's Cats view articles on Leopardus geoffroyi in the IUCN Cat Specialist Group database. (Scroll down once the library page is loaded to see the list.)
Consider joining the Friends of the Cat Specialist Group to access the full articles and receive their journal Cat News covering the latest wild cat research.