The 4 Cats of the Lynx Lineage
The Lynx lineage consists of four cats in the Lynx genus that all have very short tails and pointed, tufted ears.
They live in the northern temperate climates and have been exploited widely for their fur.
Going back in Felidae evolution, this line of cats descended from ancestors that migrated to North America from Asia following the first ice age 8 to 10 MYA (million years ago), when the Bering Strait land bridge linked Asia and North America.
The Lynx lineage subsequently arose around 7.2 MYA with two species spreading throughout North America and a further two evolving later in Eurasia, from ancestors that migrated back over the Bering Strait during the second ice age.
In scientific classification (taxonomy) the Lynx cats belong to the cat family Felidae and the small cat subfamily Felinae. The higher and lower classifications of this group are as follows:
Kingdom: Animalia (animals)
Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates)
Class: Mammalia (mammals)
Order: Carnivora (carnivores)
Suborder: Feliformia (cat-like)
Species: Lynx rufus (Bobcat)
Species: Lynx canadensis (Canada Lynx)
Species: Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)
Species: Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)
Note: 'Lineage' is not a taxonomic unit, it is a means to group closely related species in evolutionary order.
The four cats of the Lynx genus are the Bobcat, Canada Lynx, Eurasian Lynx and Iberian Lynx.
Lynx Cat Family Quiz
Click through on the information links above to find the answers to this quiz. Good luck!
1. Which is the largest lynx species?
2. Which characteristics distinguish bobcats from the other lynxes?
3. Which trait (even though it does occur in some other species) is distinctive of this group of cats?
4. Which of the lynx species was the most threatened of all the cat species until recently?
5. Is trade of lynx furs legally allowed in the USA?
6. Which African cat is also called a 'lynx' even though it does not genetically belong to this group of true lynx cats?