The wide ranging Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) is the largest of the four wild cats in the Lynx genus. Due to hunting for their luxurious fur, as well as persecution by farmers, they have been extirpated from large areas within their range. Some of the remaining isolated sub-populations are now severely threatened.
The Eurasian Lynx has one of the largest ranges across Europe and Asia with variable coat patterns across this range. The coat color and texture also varies seasonally - usually paler and thicker in winter and darker and thinner in summer.
~ Seasonal coat color changes ~
~ Variable coat patterns ~
~ Wide range Europe to Asia ~
Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) Classification
The Eurasian Lynx belongs to the genus Lynx and the full taxonomy or scientific classification of the Eurasian Lynx species is:
Kingdom: Animalia (animals)
Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates)
Class: Mammalia (mammals)
Order: Carnivora (carnivores)
Suborder: Feliformia (cat-like)
Family: Felidae (cats)
Subfamily: Felinae (small cats)
Species: Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)
Lynx lynx lynx
Lynx lynx carpathicus
Lynx lynx balcanicus
Lynx lynx isabellinus
Lynx lynx dinniki
Lynx lynx wrangeli
The scientific name for the Eurasian Lynx is Lynx lynx; which is also known as the binomial name, species name, Latin name, biological name or zoological name.
Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) Subspecies
Up to eleven subspecies of Eurasian Lynx have been recognized in the past. However based on recent genetic studies, the last revision of the Felidae taxonomy in 2017 proposed six lynx subspecies:
Northern Lynx (Lynx lynx lynx)
Carpathian Lynx (Lynx lynx carpathicus)
Balkan Lynx (Lynx lynx balcanicus)
Caucasus Lynx (Lynx lynx isabellinus)
Turkestan Lynx (Lynx lynx dinniki)
Siberian Lynx (Lynx lynx wrangeli)
Eurasian Lynx Conservation
The global conservation status for Eurasian Lynx is Least Concern (LC) and for the European region. However their status is Endangered (EN) for the Mediterranean region and the Balkan Lynx subspecies is listed as Critically Endangered (CR).
The following organizations are all involved in protecting the Eurasian Lynx. Projects include re-introduction to areas where the lynx have historically been eradicated due to persecution and the fur trade.
Please support these organizations with their important work if you can. No matter the size of your contribution, every bit helps!
Eurasian Lynx Facts and Information
The following websites have well researched and authoritative information on the Eurasian Lynx:
- Eurasian Lynx Status and Distribution Map - IUCN Red List
- Eurasian Lynx Detailed Information - IUCN Cat Specialist Group
- Eurasian Lynx Academic Literature pdf - IUCN Cat Specialist Group